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In situ and Ex situ conservation  are two ways of conserving indigenous seed crops.  In situ conservation conserves crop in the natural habitat (in the case of rice in farmer’s fields).  Ex situ conservation conserves seed varieties under controlled artificial environment in the seed banks.  In situ conservation is extremely important for farmers since it supports the empowerment of communities as they have the future of the crops in their own lands.  It also provides continuous seed supply to the farmers and local communities are the main actors.  It also adapts to climate change.
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